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Obstetrics & Gynaecology
A medical speciality called obstetrics and gynaecology (OB/GYN) focuses on the care of women, especially during pregnancy, childbirth, and the reproductive years. Gynaecologists and obstetricians are specialised medical professionals that offer complete treatment for women’s reproductive health and well-being.
The main focus of obstetrics is the treatment of expectant mothers, their unborn children, and the control of childbirth. Obstetricians provide prenatal treatment, which includes regular check-ups, ultrasounds, and tests to ensure a safe pregnancy. They also monitor the health and development of both the mother and foetus throughout pregnancy. Additionally, they take care of any problems that can develop throughout pregnancy, like gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, or premature labour. Obstetricians are qualified to provide support throughout labour and delivery and, if necessary, can carry out surgical operations like caesarean sections (C-sections).
Gynaecology is primarily concerned with the identification, therapy, and management of disorders and illnesses that impact the female reproductive system. Gynaecologists deal with a variety of gynaecological issues as well as normal preventative treatment and screenings (such as Pap tests to look for cervical cancer). Menstrual irregularities, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and pelvic pain are among the problems they treat. In addition, gynaecologists offer menopausal treatment, fertility assessments, and counselling on contraception. To treat particular gynaecological problems, they could undertake procedures like hysterectomies or the removal of ovarian cysts.
Due to their dual training in obstetrics and gynaecology, OB/GYNs may offer complete treatment for women at every stage of their reproductive lives. In addition to standard gynaecological checks, they also deal with complicated gynecologic disorders and high-risk pregnancies. Women’s reproductive health education, family planning assistance, and counselling at various stages of pregnancy and childbirth are all important tasks performed by OB/GYNs.
To provide their patients with the finest treatment possible, OB/GYNs frequently collaborate closely with other medical specialists, including midwives, nurses, perinatologists (specialists in high-risk pregnancies), and reproductive endocrinologists (fertility specialists). When treating gynecologic cancers, they could also work in conjunction with oncologists.Obstetrics and gynaecology is committed to offering complete medical treatment, assistance, and direction to women at all phases of their lives. OB/GYNs work to enhance the general health and standard of living of women by addressing reproductive health, encouraging wellness, and managing gynecologic diseases and pregnancies.
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